A Woman Self-Defined
YoungMi Lamine | Ed. Peter Traynor | 26 March 2021
The woman’s figure served as the muse of the male gaze throughout art history. Only a few women artists such as Artemisia Gentileschi, Frida Kahlo, Penny Slinger, Louise Bourgeois, Cindy Sherman, Francesca Woodman, Sarah Lucas, Lois Mailou Jones have subverted this idea of woman as her own muse through self-portraiture.
Agora Digital Art is thrilled to have Emma Shapiro as our resident artist in March and during the women’s month.
In our talk, on March 31st, we will have the opportunity to explore in-depth Shapiro’s series called Cuerpas, a poignant visual exploration of the self, the female body and empowerment of identity that can arise when a woman goes on the other side of the camera.
Starting last December at The Liminal gallery in Valencia, Spain; Cuerpas is an investigation of identity, ageism and body-representation. These works include repeated encounters mixing multi-media including self-portrait collages, videos, projections and performance elements.
In 1975, the film theorist Laura Mulvey coined the term the male gaze as a way of describing the depiction and representation of women in cinema. The male looks while the female body is looked at. That gaze not only comes from the male protagonist but also from the audience and even the camera itself, which caresses those curves in a sensual, voracious or horny manner. In Visual Pleasure, Mulvey demonstrated that the female character, depicted in our patriarchal society, has two choices: either she submits and belongs to the male power or she has to die.
In contrast to the male gaze, for Emma Shapiro, the act of filming is a physical work in which one is both seeing and being seen. Her performance works emphasise torment, discomfort, vulnerability and exposure as a constant search to create a new language that would differ, in a more nuanced manner, from those of our fathers or lovers.
Emma Shapiro’s work offers multiple frames of mind in the way she constructs her series of narratives about the evolving self. She layers the scene with photographs, cuts-out from her modelling years, then projects those rigid frames while performing. These performances install active relationships that call upon the attention of being in the moment like The Artist Is Present (2010) by Marina Abramovic, where the approach to subject and material is more emotional.
Those dematerialised performances shift as they are seen again and again. Perhaps to the point of possibly inducing false memories from watching the artist’s actions. Cuerpas induces self-reflection and tells much more about our state of mind. The viewer indirectly becomes the subject and the object of the work, Cuerpas acts like a two-way mirror of our mental state. In doing so, the work and Shapiro herself question not only our own memories, but the whole cultural construction of women psyche independently of cultural, gender or racial lens.